Precast concrete is a type of construction material that is produced off-site in a factory or precast yard, rather than being cast in place on a building site. Precast concrete is cast into specific shapes and sizes, then transported to the building site where they are assembled to create a building. It is a popular choice for buildings due to its many advantages over other construction materials.
In this blog post, we will give an overview of why precast concrete buildings are a good choice and give you 7 examples of precast concrete buildings.
Read more: Precast concrete: the complete guide.
One of the primary reasons precast concrete is so commonly used in building construction is its durability. Precast concrete is extremely strong and able to withstand a wide range of environmental conditions, including fire, severe weather, and seismic events. This strength and durability make it ideal for use in large-scale commercial and industrial buildings, as well as bridges, parking garages, and other structures that require significant load-bearing capacity.
Another advantage of precast concrete is its versatility. It can be moulded into a wide range of shapes and sizes, allowing for greater design flexibility and creativity. Precast concrete can also be produced with a range of finishes, textures, and colours, making it a highly customizable material that can be tailored to meet specific aesthetic requirements.
Using precast concrete can also result in significant time and cost savings during construction. Because precast components are produced off-site, construction time on the building site is reduced, as is the need for large work crews and heavy equipment. This can help speed up the construction process and reduce labour costs, resulting in a more efficient and cost-effective project overall.
Precast concrete is an environmentally friendly material that is highly sustainable. It is made from locally sourced materials and can be produced with a high degree of efficiency, resulting in lower energy and transportation costs. Additionally, precast concrete is highly durable and long-lasting, meaning that it requires little maintenance or replacement over its lifetime, further reducing its environmental impact.
In summary, the use of precast concrete for building construction is popular due to its strength, durability, versatility, time and cost savings during construction, and its sustainability. These advantages make precast concrete a highly effective and efficient building material that is ideal for a wide range of construction projects.
Read more: Optimise precast concrete, precast concrete construction methods and precast concrete quality control.
There are many famous buildings that use precast concrete components in their construction. Here are 7 examples:
Villa Saitan is a beautiful building in Kyoto, Japan. It is a house complex, but looks more like a beautiful art museum or gallery. They used precast concrete to create the shape of a tree with leaves on the facade.
Walters Art Museum of Baltimore is an impressive building that has highlighted slabs that are made of precast concrete. They serve the purpose of giving the look of giant canvases.
The Sydney Opera House is truly a masterpiece. Its several roofs are made of many smaller precast concrete panels creating the shape of shells.
Diego Portales University has walls made of precast concrete. The placement of the balconies and windows may seem off at first but are there for the purpose of getting maximum cross-ventilation.
The Shard, a landmark skyscraper in London, is constructed using precast concrete panels that form the building's exterior facade. An amazing example of precast concrete buildings in the UK.
The Marina Bay Sands complex in Singapore features three towers that are constructed using precast concrete components, including columns and beams.
Jubilee Church has panels made of precast concrete and they are there for both their visual beauty and to clean the air. The panels absorb UV-light and break down all the pollutants that touch the surface of the church.
These buildings demonstrate the versatility and durability of precast concrete as a building material, and how it can be used to create iconic and impressive structures.
Read more: Precast concrete stairs and flooring.
Do you have a factory that produces precast concrete? We have the solution for you! It helps you to demould sooner and track the progress of the units. In this way, you will know how to improve your production. By knowing the exact time you should demould, you can prevent delays. Concrete DNA PRECAST gives you sensor data and our AI predicts the curing times and calculates the compressive strength of the concrete. Speak to sales if you want to save both time and money.
Frequently asked questions
Why is precast concrete a good material for buildings?
Precast concrete is extremely durable, strong and can withstand a wide range of environmental conditions. Its versatility makes it able to be moulded into a wide range of shapes and sizes, allowing for greater design flexibility and creativity.
What is a good example of a precast concrete building?
Sydney Opera House is a very good example of a precast concrete building. Its many roofs are shaped as shells and are made in precast concrete. It shows both the strength and the versatility of precast concrete.
What can you use precast concrete for in buildings?
Precast concrete is a versatile material that can be used for roofs, floors, stairs and staircases, walls and so on. It can also be done with a range of finishes, textures, and colours. This makes it a good material that can be tailored to meet specific aesthetic requirements for the building project.
Everything you need to know about precast concrete: What it is, how it’s made, what you can build, benefits and disadvantages.
If you expect low temperatures during your next concrete pour, you must plan and ensure all materials, workforce and equipment are on-site and ready before pouring concrete.