What is the Maturity Method? - Explained By Converge

October 4, 2023

When it comes to monitoring concrete strength, it's critical to grasp a particular approach known as the "maturity method". As a part of quality assurance in concrete construction, the maturity method offers essential insights into concrete's in-place strength.

Read more: Can you trust the maturity method and explaining AI and concrete maturity sensors.

The Maturity Concept

Firstly, the maturity method is based on the principle that concrete strength directly correlates with its temperature and age. In other words, the maturity of concrete rises with an increase in time and temperature during the curing process. By understanding this relationship, we can use the maturity method to estimate concrete strength at any point during the curing period.

the maturity method mathematical functions

The Global Acceptance of the Maturity Method

The Maturity Method has gained widespread acceptance globally since it was first discovered in the 50’s. This popularity stems from the universal desire to ensure high-quality concrete and safety in construction projects. Yet, the level of its adoption and associated standards differs from region to region.

Regional Overview of Maturity Method Adoption and Standards

North America:

  • United States: The American Concrete Institute (ACI) supports the Maturity Method. The ACI Committee 308 offers explicit guidelines in its "Guide to Curing Concrete," presenting the Maturity Method as a dependable way to gauge in-place concrete strength.
  • Canada: The Maturity Method is part of the Canadian Standards Association's (CSA) standards. Specifically, the CSA A23.1/A23.2 standards detail procedures related to concrete materials and methods of concrete construction/testing.


European nations turn to European Norms (EN) for their standards. The Maturity Method is recognized within these norms, but its acceptance varies depending on individual country regulations and customs.


The Maturity Method is endorsed, with guidelines available in particular Australian Standards connected to concrete and construction.


Acceptance of the Maturity Method across Asia is diverse. Developed construction sectors like Japan and South Korea may have distinct guidelines or references to the method, whereas other countries might be at the early stages of its integration.

The ASTM International standard

ASTM International, originally known as the American Society for Testing and Materials, is a preeminent organization responsible for the development and dissemination of international consensus standards. 

Established in 1898, it covers a wide array of sectors from metals to construction and from consumer products to energy. ASTM standards play a pivotal role in enhancing product quality, promoting safety, streamlining market access and trade, and bolstering consumer confidence.

Concerning the Maturity Method and concrete, ASTM offers several standards that provide guidelines, test methods, and best practices. These standards are widely referred to by industries and professionals to ensure the consistency and quality of their products or projects, and they often serve as benchmarks in the realm of construction and material testing.

The Maturity Method: A Step-by-Step Guide

In practice, the maturity method follows specific steps:

  1. Begin by establishing a maturity curve with laboratory tests, which map out the relationship between concrete maturity and strength.
  2. Next, embed temperature sensors in the concrete on-site. These measure and log temperature over time.
  3. Use the collected data and the maturity curve to estimate concrete's in-place strength.

This reliable method offers an efficient way to ascertain concrete's maturity, replacing traditional time-consuming testing techniques.

Advantages of the Maturity Method

The maturity method offers several advantages for concrete construction:

  • Efficiency: Rather than waiting for traditional concrete tests to provide strength data, the maturity method delivers rapid results.
  • Cost-Effective: It minimises the need for multiple tests and hence, saves on the associated costs.
  • Safety: Regular monitoring of the concrete's strength enhances overall construction safety by enabling early detection of potential issues.

Read more: We make comparisons between cube testing and cylinder testing as well as between using sensors and cube testing.

Implementing the Maturity Method

Successfully implementing the maturity method in concrete construction requires careful planning and execution. Calibration of the maturity curve is fundamental, which calls for precise laboratory tests. Furthermore, the placement of temperature sensors is crucial to collect accurate real-time data that is more immediately actionable.

Beneficial Applications of the Maturity Method in Construction

The versatility and efficiency of the maturity method make it suitable for a wide range of construction projects. Here are some examples where this method can prove particularly beneficial:

Large Infrastructure Projects

For large-scale projects such as bridges, dams, and highways, the maturity method provides a quick and accurate understanding of the concrete's strength, ensuring structural integrity and safety.

Commercial Buildings

In the construction of commercial buildings where strict deadlines are often in place, the maturity method allows for a faster turnaround by determining when the concrete has reached sufficient strength for subsequent stages of construction.

Cold Weather Construction

In cold climates, the curing process may be slower due to lower temperatures. Using the maturity method, construction teams can accurately gauge when the concrete has cured, reducing the risks associated with premature load application.

Pre-cast Concrete Elements

For pre-cast sections, such as beams or panels, the maturity method can confirm when these elements are ready to be removed from their moulds, optimising production timelines.

Post-Tensioned Concrete Structures

The method is also useful in the construction of post-tensioned structures, where it's vital to know when the concrete has gained enough strength to withstand the tensioning process.

Final Thoughts on the Maturity Method

To summarise, the maturity method is a powerful tool in concrete construction that brings efficiency, cost-effectiveness and safety to the process. By understanding and applying this method, construction teams can enhance the overall quality of their work and increase the longevity of the structures they create.

The maturity method, while seemingly complex, is a remarkably straightforward and effective way to monitor and gauge the strength of concrete over time. As a powerful quality assurance tool, the maturity method in concrete construction continues to shape the industry, reducing costs, improving safety, and ensuring the highest quality in our built environment.

Remember, successful application of the maturity method relies on understanding and carefully controlling the relationship between temperature, time, and the strength of concrete.

Read more: We explain the differences between in-situ concrete and lab cured concrete and  discuss the benefits and challenges of cube testing.

Frequently asked questions

What is the maturity curve used for?

The maturity curve is used to display the relationship between concrete strength and maturity. It helps construction planning in letting the construction team know the estimated strength of the concrete.

Can concrete last 100 years?

Concrete most likely will not last as long as 100 years even though it is considered to be a long-lived material. The only chance that concrete will stand a chance to live that long is with really good maintenance and care. 

Does concrete ever completely cure?

Concrete will always continue curing and gaining strength. However, the strengthening will significantly slow down after the first 28 days. After that the increase in strength will not be as noticeable. 

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